Modified and translated by CFJA
In 1955, the China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine 中医研究院 (CATCM; China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (CACMS) today) was established in Nanjing, and in 1956, the College of Traditional Chinese Medicine 中医学院 was established in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Chengdu. At that time, more than 100 years had already passed since the abolition of acupuncture in the Qing Dynasty. Official acupuncture, which was passed on from the Chinese tradition, was almost extinct, and there was only a very low level and limited folk medicine acumoxa. During this period, many traditional medical books written by the Japanese and research papers published by Japanese scholars who researched various ancient Chinese texts were transmitted to China from Japan by the Chinese who wished to revive traditional medical techniques.
During the period from 1949 (establishment of PRC) to 1966 (Cultural Revolution), 16 kinds of acumoxa books in Japan (during the Showa period) were translated and published. The authors of these books were Sorei Yanagiya, Bunshi Shirota, Yoshio Nagahama, Kobee Akabane, Shohaku Honma, Yoshio Manaka and other leaders of Japanese acumoxa doctors of the Showa period. Chinese doctors of traditional medicine in China who had been educating and enlightening people about acumoxa since the period of the ROC were responsible for the translation and publication of these books. In particular, Cheng Dan’an 承淡安, the first president of the Nanjing College of Traditional Chinese Medicine 南京中医学院 played a central role. From 1934 to 1935, he studied in Japan for 8 months to investigate the advanced education of Japanese acumoxa. During this time, he took about 6 months of classes at the Tokyo Higher School (vocational school) of Acupuncture and Moxibustion 東京高等鍼灸学校 (Kuretake Gakuen Tokyo Therapeutic Vocational School 呉竹学園 today) established in 1929, and received a certificate for completing the acupuncture and moxibustion program in Japan. It is said that there were several hundred direct apprentices of Cheng Dan’an, and including correspondence courses, he trained more than 3,000 apprentices. These apprentices taught at the College of Traditional Chinese Medicine established throughout China in 1956.
The first edition of the unified teaching material for the College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, published in 1960, “Lecture on Acupuncture and Moxibustion 針灸学講義” is the book apprentices of Cheng Dan’an compiled. The same is true for the first edition of the unified teaching material, “Intermediate Lectures on Internal Medicine 内経中級講義” and “Intermediate Lectures on Acupuncture and Moxibustion 針灸学中級講義”. The framework of modern Chinese medicine, also known as Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), was built by these first editions of teaching materials. The historical background presented above has shown why there is not much difference between Japanese and Chinese acumoxa today.