Modified and translated by CFJA
In Japan, when practicing acupuncture therapy, not only do they perform nenshinho/hineribariho 捻鍼法 (twisting acupuncture technique) transmitted from China, but also kanshinho/ kudabariho 管鍼法 (tube acupuncture technique) and dashinho/uchibariho 打鍼法 (hammering acupuncture technique). Waichi Sugiyama, who invented the shinkan 針管(guide tube), has transmitted 14 ways of tube technique 管術 (Jp. kudajyutsu) and 14 ways of supporting needle hand technique 押手の術 (Jp. oshide no jyutsu). Including other techniques, there are a total of 96 techniques. Also, Sorei Yanagiya has transmitted 21 ways of Isai Misono’s technique, who invented the hammering acupuncture technique 打鍼術 (Jp. dashin jyutsu). Oshide 押手 (supporting needle hand) is different compared to the kanshinho 管鍼法 (tube acupuncture technique).
Acupuncture techniques invented in Japan are high quality, sensitive and diverse that no other country can compete.
Currently, acupuncture techniques practiced in China specialize in seppi 切皮 (piercing the skin) and rarely perform the method that involves senpi 穿皮 (penetrating the skin) through the twisting needle technique 撚針法 (Jp. nenshinho) which has been transmitted since the ancient times. The mainstream technique is called the push-insertion method 押入法 (Jp. oshi iri ho). On the needle insertion area, the thumbnail of oshide 押手 (supporting needle hand) is placed and pressed with enough pressure to leave a nail mark on the skin. The needle tip is placed on the nail mark and quietly pressed. Sometimes, the needle is pressed as well, when inserting the needle with the nail of the oshide 押手. Sorei Yanagiya called this method the push-insertion method 押入法 (Jp. oshi iri ho). In China, both the theory and the technique are currently practiced differently from the method that has been transmitted from ancient times to the Qing dynasty. Dr. Seino feels that China has discarded their own ‘tradition’ even though they have called it, Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).
In detail, Japanese acupuncture techniques value and emphasize…
A) senpi 穿皮 (penetrating the skin) – includes seppi 切皮 (piercing the skin) – which requires practitioners to sense and feel the fine sensation upon needle insertion.
B) the sensations when performing an acupuncture therapy:
- Shinshoku 鍼触 (surface acupuncture sensation) – The fine sensation is only felt by the practitioner before the needle insertion when the needle tip touches the skin.
- Shinmyo 鍼妙 (mysterious acupuncture sensation) – The sensation only felt by the practitioner during needle insertion.
- Shinkyo 鍼響 (vibrational acupuncture sensation) – The sensation is only felt by the practitioner when the needle is inserted into the muscle and the patient is feeling a vibration.
Japanese acupuncture techniques are very sensitive, delicate, and fine.
In contrast, China is limited to the techniques that rely on the vibration that the patient feels, which is one of shinkyo 鍼響 (vibrational acupuncture sensation) in Japan. This is a technique that only uses thick needles and only uses one hand, sashide 刺手 (inserting needle hand). As an analogy in cooking, it is similar to Japanese cuisine utilizing a variety of tastes from light to strong, whereas Chinese cuisine mainly cooks strong, oily dishes (although some might argue that this is simply not true).
Japanese acupuncture techniques can treat a variety of medical conditions; Chinese acupuncture techniques are very limited to some of the medical conditions.
This is the end of the blog. It was a very specialized topic. Thank you very much for reading.